Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy surgery

Hysteroscopy involves putting in a telescope to view the inside of the womb or the lining of the uterus. A hysteroscope, which is a thin viewing tool, is used for the same. The tip of the device is inserted inside the vagina and moved through the cervix into the uterus. It is done mainly to detect any problems in the uterus that is preventing the woman from getting pregnant. A hysteroscope is also used to remove growth in the uterus such as fibroids or polyps.

Laparoscopy is a procedure to look inside of the abdomen and pelvis using a laparoscope which is a special telescope to which a light source and camera are attached. The tool is about as thick as a pen and about 12cm long. With the help of the laparoscope, the ovaries, outside area of the tubes and uterus and other organs inside the abdomen can be viewed. It is commonly used to find the cause of symptoms such as pelvic and abdominal pain.

A laparoscopic surgery, also known as ‘key-hole surgery’ or ‘minimal invasive surgery’, is used to treat cysts, endometriosis, fibroids, perform hysterectomy and even pelvic floor reconstruction. Compared to traditional surgery, laparoscopy is less painful, promises quick recovery and entails a shorter hospital stay. However, laparoscopy can also be used to investigate the reasons for infertility.

How are these procedures performed?

Hysteroscopy is the insertion of thin flexible telescope that has a camera and light at its end through the vagina to enable viewing of the lining of the uterus. This procedure is able to detect problems such as scarring and bleeding which would make the person incapable of carrying a pregnancy successfully to full term.

Laparoscopy is the incision of small cuts in the abdomen through which a laparoscope and specialized surgical instruments are inserted. The laparoscope makes it possible to see the reproductive organs such as the ovaries. The specialized surgical instruments will then be used as guided by the image that is seen of these organs to perform surgery on whatever the problem could be.

This procedure has quicker recovery and smaller scars than most forms of surgery, and is relatively painless even after the general anesthesia administered wears off. These are safe procedures that are carried out today to address the infertility problem in women and have achieved reasonable success.

Why undergo these procedures?

Infertility is one of the most common medical complications that are faced by modern women. Medical research has come such a long way to ensure that these conditions need not be treated as permanent and incurable. It is now possible for a fertility doctor to have a look at the lining of the womb to ensure that there are no complications there that are hindering pregnancy or causing miscarriages. The process of looking at the lining of the uterus is simple and non-invasive. It is an outpatient procedure that will help you determine whether there is a problem in the uterus and how a fertility doctor should go about addressing it.

Once the fertility doctor has been able to determine what the problem is, there is still no need for invasive procedures to address the problem. There is a form of surgery which has been called band aid surgery that can be used to address the problems in the uterus. In this surgery, the doctor will use a tool similar to the telescope to view the lining of the uterus and to fix it. They only need to make very small incision on the abdomen to access the uterus, and you are free to go home after the process is done. The age old challenge of infertility no longer needs to destabilize your life and frustrate your marriage and happiness. You could be a simple procedure away from addressing the issue behind your infertility and putting it behind you.