To increase a couple’s chances of becoming pregnant, intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments are two commonly used methods of fertility treatment. Intra Uterine Insemination or IUI is a procedure that aims to increase the likelihood of pregnancy by bringing the sperm closer to the egg. In this process, concentrated motile sperm are inserted directly into a woman’s uterus. The whole procedure is timed according to the woman’s ovulation cycle.
The process may be performed one to two times in the days immediately after ovulation is detected. Post ovulation, the egg is picked up by the fallopian tube and waits there for the sperm. The IUI procedure deposits higher concentrations of excellent sperm (quality-wise) in proximity to where the egg is waiting; the chances that the egg and sperm will find one another are higher and so the chances of pregnancy are better.
IUI is the most sought-after method of artificial insemination; however, must be done at the right time to be effective. It is done around the predicted time of ovulation. Commonly, it is done to treat mild male infertility, unexplained infertility, endometriosis, ovulatory dysfunction as well as cervical factor infertility. It is one of the most recommended options for women under the age of thirty five and for couples who have failed ovulation induction and super ovulation induction cycles.
On the other hand, in vitro fertilization or IVF is a treatment in which egg are fertilized outside the woman’s body. After an embryo or embryos are formed, they are then placed in the uterus. The popularity of IVF is such that it is practically a household word today. But IVF is an expensive treatment and only about 5% of couples having problems with conception seek it out. Further, IVF requires a significant physical, time, financial, and emotional commitment.
The basic aspects of the IVF process comprise of stimulation of the ovaries to produce multiple eggs at a time, egg retrieval or removal of the eggs from the ovary is carried out, fertilization of the eggs in the laboratory, and following the placement of the resulting embryos into the uterus (embryo transfer). It is an expensive treatment and the chances of pregnancy from IVF depends on many factors of which age of the woman is primary followed by the cause of infertility, and other factors associated with the quality of the IVF laboratory.
Unlike the simple process of artificial insemination? in which the sperm is placed in the uterus and conception takes places normally, IVF is a more complicated procedure. It involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory. Once the embryo or embryos are formed, they are then placed in the woman’s uterus. IVF is a complex and expensive procedure; it is reported that only about 5% of couples with infertility related issued seek it out. But since its introduction in 1981, IVF along with other similar procedures have resulted in more than 200,000 babies.