Male infertility can be an emotionally daunting, draining experience. But by knowing what symptoms to watch for, you can lock it down before it does, you.
Male infertility isn’t an oft-discussed topic, and yet, it affects more couples than you think. A third of all couples struggling to conceive for a year or more are affected by male factor infertility. From low sperm production and compromised sperm function to testicular blockages and other problems with sperm delivery, there are several factors that could contribute to male factor infertility. If you and your partner have been struggling to start a family, it’s worth having your fertility profiles assessed to identify the root cause of the problem. Advanced fertility treatments have shown to reap tremendous results for infertility in men.
What Are the Causes of Male Infertility?
Male fertility is governed by a host of factors that must work in cohesion to create an optimal environment for sperm. Sperm count, sperm motility, sperm morphology and sperm delivery are integral to male fertility, and even one factor out of sync could prove detrimental to fertility. Some causes of male sterility are outlined below.
infertility can be a result of health problems or medical treatments like varicocele (swelling of the veins inside the testicles). Varicocele leads to compromised sperm quality, and its treatment is imperative to improving sperm quality, function and count. Other medical problems that could affect male fertility include autoimmune disorders, hormonal imbalances, defective tubules, testicular blockages, chromosomal defects, spinal cord injuries, Celiac disease, undescended testicles, malignant and benign tumours, inflammation or infection of the epididymis or testicles, and sexually transmitted diseases like HIV and gonorrhoea.
Problems with ejaculation, painful intercourse, erectile dysfunction and anatomical anomalies can all be reflective of male infertility.
Certain medication plans, including testosterone replacement therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, steroids and antifungal drugs, can meddle with fertility, impairing sperm production. Likewise, prior surgeries like vasectomy, testicular or scrotal surgeries, prostate or abdominal surgeries, and surgeries for testicular or rectal cancer, can reduce sperm count or cause testicular blockages. There are several fertility treatments available that can supplant these hurdles, improving your chances of starting a family.
Environmental toxins, chemicals and heat can hinder sperm production and function. Keep a safe distance from industrial chemicals, heavy metal exposure, radiation and heated environments to keep your sperm safe from environmental hazards.
Your lifestyle plays a big role in governing your reproductive mechanism. Drugs, alcohol, tobacco, stress, anxiety and obesity can all serve as deterrents to fertility, so it’s wise to pay attention to your health when planning a family.
Must read – How to help your partner cope up with infertility?
What Are the Symptoms of Male Infertility?
Usually, the main manifestation of male infertility is the inability to conceive a baby. While there may or may not be associated signs or symptoms, most men only suspect infertility once they notice a problem with conception. That said, some signs and symptoms, highlighted below, can be detected early:
- Problems with ejaculation, reduced libido or erectile dysfunction
- Pain, swelling or inflammation around the testicles
- Abnormal breast inflammation
- An inability to smell
- Reduced facial hair
- A low sperm count (less than 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen, or a total sperm count of less than 39 million – this is only detectable via a semen analysis)
If you notice pain, discomfort or swelling around your testicles, experience erectile problems or a reduced libido, or have had prior surgery on your testicles, penis or scrotum, it’s worth having your fertility profile assessed to avoid having to face unwelcome surprises when you do decide to start a family. When it comes to infertility management, advance intervention can be your golden pass to seamless conception. After all, it’s better to be safe than sorry, and early than late.