Surgical sperm retrieval (SSR)

Surgical sperm retrieval is a viable option for men who face problems such as:

  • Obstruction that prevents them from releasing sperm due to injury or infection
  • Absence of the vas deferens
  • Non-obstructive azoospermia (testicles producing very low or no sperm that don’t reach the vas)
  • Vasectomy

Typically, Surgical sperm retrieval is a procedure that is designed to gather sperms from a man who otherwise has no sperm in the semen azoospermia. This can be collected directly from a man’s testes through a minor surgical procedure. Once the sperm has been obtained, it can then be used inĀ intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures. The treatment is usually planned in advance but in certain circumstances when the man is unable to produce a sperm sample on the day of his partner’s egg collection, an SSR may be conducted.

PESA (Percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration) or TESE (Testicular sperm extraction) are two techniques through which this is done. PESA is the collection of sperms with the help of a fine needle directly from the epididymis while TESE is conducted from a biopsy or several biopsies from the testicular tissue (an incision is made in the scrotal skin).

Surgical Sperm Retrieval is being leveraged by a large number of men with infertility problems and has a commendable success rate.