A hysterosalpingogram is a simple radiological technique that is used to undertake a tubal evaluation by assessing the shape and size of the uterine cavity and the clarity of the fallopian tubes. It begins with the infusion of an opaque dye into the cervical canal via an injection. This dye eventually permeates into the uterus and the fallopian tubes. The dye accentuates blockages in the fallopian tubes, by staying concentrated in a specific region. The procedure is usually undertaken in the window between the tenth day of the menstrual cycle, and the day of ovulation.
A hysterosalpingogram is commonly performed to examine women for whom natural conception is proving to be a challenge.
Through a hysterosalpingogram, your radiologist can view the structural build of your uterus, and also explore the patency of your fallopian tubes. If there is any tubal obstruction or uterine scarring, your fertility consultant will design a suitable treatment solution for you, to augment your chances of conceiving a baby.
If you have experienced repeated miscarriages, it is possible that they have been caused by connatural or acquired inconsistencies of the uterus. A hysterosalpingogram can help in ascertaining the presence of tumors, adhesions and fibroids, which are all hindrances to fertility.
If you have been experiencing difficulty conceiving, it is possible that your body may be telling you something. For some women, infertility is caused by a tubal blockage, meaning that a fresh egg can never make its way completely down the fallopian tube. Thus, the egg stops short of reaching the uterus, ending its chances of meeting a potential sperm. A hysterosalpingogram can determine whether a tubal blockage exists, and if so, how you can overcome it.
A hysterosalpingogram is a smooth, facile procedure that usually lasts no longer than half an hour.
To begin with, a narrow cylindrical tool, called a speculum, is gently inserted into the vagina to dilate it. Then, the cervix is carefully cleansed, and a catheter is placed inside it.
Once the catheter is in place, the speculum is removed, and a fluoroscopy camera is activated. Slowly, a contrast dye is released through the catheter into the vaginal canal. The dye then glides up to the uterine cavity, fallopian tubes and peritoneal cavity.
The dye projects a deep contrast to the light-hued organs in the abdominal cavity. Fluoroscopic images of the abdominal region are then captured digitally for examination. If your doctor detects an abnormality, your procedure may be extended so that a delayed image of the spread can be captured. Based on the problem, your fertility consultant will then devise a tailor-made treatment for you.
There are certain risks that can stem from a hysterosalpingogram procedure, although the merits of the routine outbalance the drawbacks.
There are theories that prolonged periods of radiation can act as a catalyst for cancer. However, on Cloudnine, our hysterosalpingogram routines are gentle and measured, allowing for an effective diagnosis while keeping the risk of radiation at bay.
If you have previously been diagnosed with an inflammatory pelvic condition or a sexually transmitted disease, a hysterosalpingogram could exacerbate your condition. Be sure to detail your medical history to your fertility specialist, so that a customised treatment plan can be drawn out for you.