An Insight Into Miscarriage: Causes, Symptoms and Measures to Minimise Risk

May 13, 2022
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Miscarriage: the very word is ridden with pain and sadness. And yet, in society, miscarriage has become a hush-hushed anathema that is glossed over in veiled references. Why one wonders, when pregnancy is glorified, is miscarriage swept under the carpet? One ought to mourn the loss in as equal a spirit as is celebrated in a pregnancy. Unfortunately, nobody talks about miscarriage enough. And because all pregnancies aren't just sunshine and roses, we thought we'd take up the torch. Today, we explore the other side of the coin; a side less known we call miscarriage.

Understanding Miscarriage

Miscarriage refers to the spontaneous loss of an embryo or foetus before the twenty-week threshold of a pregnancy. A little known fact is that up to half of all pregnancies result in miscarriage, with the majority of these being cases of early miscarriage where a woman is unaware that she has conceived at all. Approximately a quarter of all recognised pregnancies are impeded by a miscarriage. Of these, 80% take place in the first trimester. The probability of a miscarriage drops dramatically after the fifth month of pregnancy.

Causes of Miscarriage

Miscarriages predominantly stem from chromosomal abnormalities of the foetus and in general, the mother has no bearing on the outcome. There is a small array of other causes that could also potentially lead to a miscarriage:

- Hormonal skews

- Autoimmune responses

- Infections

- Uterine anomalies

- Being over 35 years of age

- History of specific medical conditions

- Record of prior successive miscarriages

- Cervical insufficiency

Symptoms of Miscarriage

A miscarriage may be heralded by one or more of the following symptoms:

- Heavy abdominal cramps

- Vaginal bleeding

- Fatigue

- Backache

- FeverIf

You notice the onset of any of the aforementioned symptoms, call your obstetrician immediately. You may be asked to visit the hospital.

Measures to Minimise the Risk of Miscarriage

There's very little in your control when it comes to preventing a miscarriage. If you do experience one, remember that it's not your fault. A miscarriage is nature's way of stopping a pregnancy gone wrong.

  • Prenatal tests can go a long way in detecting foetal problems that may be addressable with the right treatment
  • Before you plan a pregnancy, it's important that you assess your health to understand how well your body will be able to respond to a tiny human nesting in your womb
  • It's worthwhile to consider visiting a gynaecologist to take stock of your vital parameters
  • Certain conditions can hinder pregnancy which is why it's important that you have control over any medical conditions before embarking on your pregnancy journey

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Coping With Miscarriage

Pregnancy loss can be devastating, an indescribable pain that is often hard to translate into words. You may have formed a bond with your baby quite early in your pregnancy and losing your little one can be soul-crushing. For now though, as you process these emotions, seek healthy ways to cope with your loss.

  • If you feel vulnerable even talking about the miscarriage, ask your inner circle to inform those concerned
  • Also, turn to your loved ones, especially your partner for emotional support
  • Air your feelings and possibly speak to someone you know who has also been through a miscarriage; there's comfort in knowing that someone else has experienced this inconceivable pain
  • Take your time to recover completely from this loss before planning ahead.

On Cloudnine, our hearts belong as much to the babies we've lost through miscarriage as the ones we've welcomed into the world. We know how hard it can be to lose a life you know so well. In light of this, our special pre-pregnancy checkups help to evaluate your readiness for pregnancy by gauging essential health attributes. Based on these findings, our doctors tailor a custom-created health plan for you to steer your health upwards and onwards, augmenting the chances of a successful pregnancy. Regardless of your history, on Cloudnine, there's always a way.

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