Dink (Double Income, No Kids) Trending and Fertility Declining!

March 18, 2024

There is a growing population of DINKs in India; as per the report, it is estimated to be 30% per annum. Surprisingly, this lifestyle is seen to be adopted by 42% of rural nuclear families compared to 22% of urban families. The average age for marriage has also increased, with women getting married at 19.2 years and men at 24.9 years, which is an increase from 16.2 for women and 24.5 for men in the past two decades. This attitude shift in family planning is coinciding with the dip in the fertility rate. Read below to know more about it.

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What is DINK?

DINK means Double Income, No kids. It refers to a group of people or couples who have incomes from investments or employment but have chosen not to have kids. These couples often have a higher level of disposable and, since they have no children, enjoy a more flexible lifestyle than those with children. This term gained popularity later in the 20th century as more women pursued higher education and entered the workforce. This facilitated dual incomes and has changed the attitude towards parenthood. This phenomenon has many implications and has changed the values in society as well as the family structures.

Why are DINK Choosing Not to Have Kids?

DINK couples are choosing not to have kids for many reasons. Some of the common reasons for adopting a child-free lifestyle are:

Financial Considerations

Raising children is a huge financial commitment. It is a myth that all DINK couples have a high disposable income. Many poor urban and rural couples have to struggle to make ends meet. The cost of raising kids and getting them educated makes it a huge financial burden.

For those DINK couples with a higher disposable income, not having children helps them indulge in travel, leisure, etc., or they may prioritise financial stability and allocate more money towards their personal needs than raising children.

Career Advancement

Both men and women in the current society are highly ambitious and want to priorities their careers. They are more focused on investing their energy, time and money in achieving their career goals. They do not want to impact their career by taking time off for parenthood and potentially limiting their opportunities for career advancement.

Lifestyle Choices

Bearing a kid and raising them means less freedom and flexibility. DINK couples usually like their freedom and want to enjoy the spontaneity of travel, leisure, etc and do not want to be constrained by responsibilities. They want to invest time and money in self-care, personal development and relationships rather than looking after kids.

Personal Fulfilment

DINK couples are unlike other couples and do not see purpose in traditional family setups. They find fulfilment in each other and pursue their hobbies, interests and social life rather than constrain themselves by raising children. Some couples have health medical conditions that make pregnancy risky and priorities their health above the demands of parenthood. For some couples, their mental health takes precedence as they want to minimise stress in their lives.

Concerns Over Population

Many DINK couples have concerns about overpopulation and the environmental impact of having children. They may choose not to have kids to avoid adding to the global population and reduce their carbon footprint. Sustainability and ecological consciousness may influence them not to have children.

Relationship Issues

For some DINK couples, the decision to not have kids may be because of differences in parenting or mutual agreement not to have them. They may want to concentrate on their

compatibility and relationship over having a family. Parenthood can bring many challenges to relationships that they want to avoid.

Impact of DINK Lifestyle on Fertility

While there are many benefits of DINKs, it has a great impact on fertility rates. Listed below are some of them;

  • Fertility declining: DINK couples contribute to declining fertility rates as they choose not to have children. This means there are fewer birth rates, which may not affect them but has implications on population growth, workforce dynamics, etc.
  • Ageing Population: As DINK couples age without children, they contribute to the ageing population demographic. The couple may not have anyone to look after them, especially if one partner is left, which can lead to loneliness. If we look at the larger picture, there is a strain on healthcare and other aspects as fewer individuals care for older adults.
  • Economic consequences: Declining fertility rates have great economic consequences, which include slow economic growth, reduced employee workforce and increased dependency. A shrinking population means there is decreased spending, labour shortage and decreased revenue.
  • Social implications: As there are changes in family structure and social norms, the community dynamics take a hit. Since there will be a decline in the number of families, it can impact relationships and caregiving. It can also impact the values and traditions of the society and erode them as the attitude towards family life and marriage changes.

Alternatives for DINK

There are many alternatives instead of choosing the DINK lifestyle.

  • Single-income families where only one person works and the other takes care of the kid.
  • Dual-income families can take the support of their immediate family to help them raise kids.
  • Have a single child so that there is less financial burden.
  • Single-parent families where a parent takes care of one or more children.

Overall, while the DINK lifestyle gives couples certain freedom and lifestyle, there can be greater social implications with a low fertility rate. So, there has to be a balance of sustainability and personal and societal needs.


1. What is the DINK trend?

Double Income No Kids is a trend where the household has dual income from both partners, but they live alone with no children. This trend is seen among the younger generation, who do not want to have children for various reasons.

2. What is the double income, no kids syndrome?

While it is not a recognised psychological or medical condition, it is a phrase used when couples with dual income choose not to have kids so that they can enjoy their freedom and lifestyle without the constraints of raising kids.

3. What are the disadvantages of a DINK couple?

The major disadvantages for a DINK couple are overspending, less family support, loneliness, and not adhering to societal expectations.

4. What is the DINK movement?

It is a growing trend of choosing not to have children despite being fertile and having the needed income to raise children for various reasons.