Ovaries are two small egg-shaped organs in the female reproductive system. Ovum is produced and released by ovaries into the fallopian tube. Ovum (eggs) get fertilized with sperm. The fertilized eggs, better known as embryos, then get implanted to the lining of endometrium leading to pregnancy.
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Ovaries also produce important pregnancy hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are responsible for maintaining pregnancy. Ovaries thus play a vital role in pregnancy; hence, its size matters.
Normal ovary size
An ovary has a normal size of 3.5cmx2.5cmx1.5cm on an average. The size decreases after menopause. The size also decreases due to pathological reasons.
Factors that cause changes in the size of ovaries –
Ovaries size differs according to age. The size is different at different stages of a woman’s life. Ovaries are smaller than the average size before puberty. At the age when she enters puberty, the size increases and attends maximum size during pregnancy. Again after menopause, the size of the ovaries becomes less than 20mm.
Pathological conditions such as PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome), follicular cysts, and corpus luteum cyst, there is increased ovarian size. This causes irregular menstrual cycle and immense bleeding during periods. The woman having such disorder is unable to conceive. The size of ovaries is enlarged in cases of ovarian cancer.
3) Infertility treatment
Women who are diagnosed with infertility undergo fertility treatment .they receive hormonal stimulation injection to make their ovaries produce and release eggs. In such condition, there is enlargement of the ovaries.
Ovaries are enlarged during pregnancy. As the ovaries have to produce pregnancy hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, the size increases. Although the doctor should make sure the enlargement is not pathological.
It’s essential for you to keep your ovaries and eggs healthy, so to have a normal conception.
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Best ways to improve ovary and egg healthy.
1) Maintain a healthy body weight
Being overweight can cause a lot of problems. Increased body weight causes enlargement of ovaries. Maintaining good body weight and health keeps your ovaries in normal size.
2) Exercise daily
Following a proper exercise routine keeps your body fit and healthy. Exercise helps your reproductive system healthy. Yoga is also very beneficial for women.
3) Be relaxed and stress-free
Keep your worries and stress to minimal. Do one enjoyable thing a day to reduce your stress level. Stress can deteriorate your health and has a bad effect on your reproductive system. So be happy and relaxed.
4) Eat healthy
Have a balanced and healthy food. Food is an important part of your life. Food has a direct effect on your body. Having fruits and fresh vegetables keep your reproductive system healthy.
5) Say no to alcohol and smoking
You should avoid alcohol and smoking. Cigarettes and alcohol are said to cause fertility problems.
Ovaries size plays a vital role in pregnancy. You should follow a proper diet and regular exercise for a healthy reproductive system. You should also consult a doctor if you are unable to get pregnant.