Changing lifestyles have made infertility a common phenomenon today. World over, infertility affects about one in five couples. However, advances in fertility technology have made it possible for couples struggling to conceive, to seek medical intervention to grow their family. In vitro fertilisation (IVF) has emerged as a shining star in advanced fertility treatments, rendering positive outcomes for even complex cases of infertility.
If you’re considering IVF, there are a few things you should know before opting for the procedure.
It Is a Multi-Step Process
IVF begins by stimulating a woman’s ovaries by way of ovulation induction. Next, the eggs produced are extracted and fertilised with the partner’s sperm in a laboratory, either in a natural manner or via intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), a method that involves injecting a healthy sperm cell into each egg. If the fertilisation process is successful, the resultant embryos are cultivated in a lab, and one or more is subsequently transferred back to the woman’s uterus about 2, 3 or 5 days later.
Patience Is Everything
IVF involves a fastidious medication cycle and repeated visits to the fertility specialist. A treatment cycle can take around 15-17 days from the 2nd of a cycle, but the result of pregnancy will come only between 4-5 weeks after stimulation. If you do opt for IVF, it’s important to stay calm, patient and stress-free and prepare your mind and body for what’s to come.
IVF Is an Investment
IVF is advanced fertility treatment, and its cost is reflective of its success rate. This is why it’s important to pick a fertility clinic that provides customised treatment programmes, tailored to your medical history and profile. A good fertility clinic can justify your investment by giving you a positive outcome within minimum lead time.
Age Does Matter
When it comes to IVF, the younger you are, the higher your chances of a successful cycle. A woman’s fertility declines after 35, due to a fall in the number and quality of her eggs. Likewise, a man’s sperm reserves decline with age.
There Are No Guarantees
IVF is an advanced fertility treatment that involves uniting an egg and a sperm cell in a carefully controlled environment, and transferring the resulting embryo to the uterus for implantation. The procedure is noted for its superlative outcomes across the globe. However, it is important to note that IVF does not offer a guarantee of success.
Multiple Pregnancies Are a Possibility
If more than one embryo is transferred to the uterus, an IVF cycle may result in multiple pregnancies. It’s a good idea to discuss your concerns with your specialist to ensure you strike a balance between a successful IVF cycle and minimum multiple gestation risks.
You May Need More Than One Cycle
IVF is a coveted fertility treatment, but its success isn’t guaranteed. You may require more than one cycle before achieving a successful pregnancy. With the advent of new techniques and procedures, success rates are continually improving. However, the success of an IVF cycle hinges on several, often uncontrollable factors.