Understanding Infertility and Fibroids

June 19, 2023
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Infertility can be a challenging and emotionally distressing journey for many individuals and couples who are trying to conceive. One potential cause of infertility that affects a significant number of women is uterine fibroids. In this blog post, we will explore what fibroids are, how they can impact fertility and the available treatment options.

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What are Fibroids?


Fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas, are noncancerous growths that develop within the muscular walls of the uterus. They comprise smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue. Fibroids can vary in size, ranging from as small as a seed to as large as a grapefruit.


Impact of Fibroids on Fertility


Fibroid scan affect fertility in several ways, including:

1)     Distorted Uterine Cavity: Depending on their location, size and number, fibroids can alter the shape of the uterine cavity, making it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant and grow properly.

2)     Blockage of Fallopian Tubes: Large fibroids located near the fallopian tubes can obstruct their openings, preventing the sperm from reaching the egg.

3)    Hormonal Imbalance: Fibroids can interfere with the normal hormonal balance in the body, affecting the release of eggs from the ovaries and the implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus.

Treatment Options

The treatment for fibroids and infertility depends on various factors, including the severity of symptoms, the size and location of the fibroids and the desire to conceive. Here are some common treatment options:

1)     Medications: Certain medications, such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa), can be prescribed to shrink the fibroids and reduce their symptoms. These medications work by suppressing the production of Estrogen and progesterone, leading to temporary menopause-like effects.


2)     Surgical Procedures:

Myomectomy: This surgical procedure involves the removal of fibroids while preserving the uterus. It can be performed through traditional open surgery or minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopy or hysteroscopy.

Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE): In this procedure, small particles are injected in to the blood vessels supplying the fibroids, cutting off their blood supply and causing them to shrink.

Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery (MRGFUS): This non invasive procedure uses focused ultrasound waves to heat and destroy the fibroids.


3)    Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART): In cases where other treatments are unsuccessful or if there are additional fertility issues, assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization (IVF)may be recommended. IVF involves fertilizing eggs with sperm in a laboratory and then transferring the resulting embryos into the uterus.


If you are experiencing infertility and have been diagnosed with fibroids, it is essential to consult with a qualified healthcare professional or a fertility specialist. They can evaluate your specific situation, discuss the available treatment options and help you make an informed decision. Remember, with the right medical guidance and support, many women with fibroids can successfully conceive and have a healthy pregnancy.