In older times, a couple’s inability to conceive a child would have been thought solely due to fault in the woman. Male infertility was a concept that was not known or considered. However, with the advent of IVF, male infertility has been identified and acknowledged. The male partner is equally responsible A simple semen analysis gives a lot of information on the fertility status of the male partner as the female partner for the couple not conceiving. Sperms are looked under the microscope for their number motility, appearance(morphology),amount of semen(volume),and other measures during a semen test. A low sperm count is the commonest cause of male fertility problems. The second important cause of male infertility is low sperm motility.
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Sperm motility is the speed at which sperm can travel through the female reproductive tract to reach the egg. It is one of the most important factors for reproduction; sperms that cannot “swim” properly are incapable of reaching the egg on time for fertilization and for the formation of the embryo. A healthier sperm count has a better chance of fertilizing the egg and increases your chances of conceiving a baby every month.
The minimum sperm motility rate must be 42%. It includes both forward moving sperms, which should be at least one third of the total sample and non progressive sperms. Asthenospermia is the word used to describe poor sperm motility.
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There are multiple causes that can lead to lowered sperm motility
There are a few lifestyle changes that one may consider to increase their sperm motility rate:
Fertility options like IUI or IVF are also available depending on the factors of the couple.